Easily search, locate companies, compare rates and buy Commercial Cargo insurance now!
Our website will help you to easily search, locate companies, compare rates and buy Commercial Cargo Insurance.
For Cargo Insurance help in FL,GA,IA,IN,KS,MD,NC,NE,NJ,OH,PA,SC and VA use our quick contact form.
Cargo or Freight is usually organized into various shipment categories before it is transported. An item’s category is determined by:
the type of item being carried. For example, a kettle could fit into the category ‘household goods’.
how large the shipment is, in terms of both item size and quantity.
how long the item for delivery will be in transit.
Shipments are typically categorized as household goods, express, parcel, and freight shipments:
Household goods (HHG) include furniture, art and similar items.
Very small business or personal items like envelopes are considered overnight express or express letter shipments. These shipments are rarely over a few kilograms or pounds and almost always travel in the carrier’s own packaging. Express shipments almost always travel some distance by air. An envelope may go coast to coast in the United States overnight or it may take several days, depending on the service options and prices chosen by the shipper.
Larger items like small boxes are considered parcels or ground shipments. These shipments are rarely over 110 lb, with no single piece of the shipment weighing more than about 154 lb. Parcel shipments are always boxed, sometimes in the shipper’s packaging and sometimes in carrier-provided packaging. Service levels are again variable but most ground shipments will move about 800 to 1,100 km (497 to 684 mi) per day. Depending on the origin of the package, it can travel from coast to coast in the United States in about four days. Parcel shipments rarely travel by air and typically move via road and rail. Parcels represent the majority of business-to-consumer (B2C) shipments.
Beyond HHG, express, and parcel shipments, movements are termed freight shipments.
Less than truckload (LTL) cargo is the first category of freight shipment, which represents the majority of freight shipments and the majority of business-to-business (B2B) shipments. LTL shipments are also often referred to as motor freight and the carriers involved are referred to as motor carriers.
LTL shipments range from 110 to 15,430 lbs, being less than 8 ft 2.4 in to 27 ft 10.6 in the majority of times. The average single piece of LTL freight is 1,323 lb and the size of a standard pallet. Long freight and/or large freight are subject to extreme length and cubic capacity surcharges.
Trailers used in LTL can range from 28 to 53 ft. The standard for city deliveries is usually 48 ft. In tight and residential environments the 28 ft trailer is used the most.
The shipments are usually palletized, stretch [shrink]-wrapped and packaged for a mixed-freight environment. Unlike express or parcel, LTL shippers must provide their own packaging, as carriers do not provide any packaging supplies or assistance. However, circumstances may require crating or other substantial packaging.
In the United States, shipments larger than about 15,432 lb are typically classified as truckload (TL) freight. This is because it is more efficient and economical for a large shipment to have exclusive use of one larger trailer rather than share space on a smaller LTL trailer.
This pages relates to Commercial Auto Insurance.